This subfamily is found in Northern Australia.
Carne, P.B. 1958. A review of the Australian Rutelinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Australian Journal of Zoology 6(2) 162 – 240
CSIRO, 1990. Insects of Australia, Volume 2: A Textbook for Students and Research Workers. 2nd Edition. Melbourne University Publishing.
Lawrence, JF & Slipinski A, 2013. Australian Beetles; Morphology, Classification and Keys, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.
Hangay, G & Zborowski, P 2010, A Guide to the Beetles of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.
Matthews, E. G. 1972. A revision of the scarabaeine dung beetles of Australia. I. Tribe Onthophagini. Australian Journal of Zoology Supplement Series No. 9: 1-330.
Matthews, E. G. 1984. A Guide to the Genera of Beetles of South Australia. Part 3 Polyphaga: Eucinetoidea, Dascilloidea and Scarabaeoidea. Special Educational Bulletin Series No. 6, South Australian Museum, Adelaide.
Semmens, T. D., McQuillan, P. B., & Hayhurst G. 1992. Catalogue of the Insects of Tasmania. Department of Primary Industry Tasmania.