The Mosquitoes occur worldwide in temperate or tropical areas. Not all Culicidae species are blood sucking and even the species that do feed on blood are usually closely associated with a specific mammal, bird, frog, reptile or even fish or insect species. Males can be identified by their bushy antenna. Males and non-blood sucking female species all feed on plant produced liquids such as nectars and fruit juices or saps. Some females require a feed of blood for the eggs to finalise their development.
Mating occurs in the air and eggs are laid on the surface of the water body. The larvae can survive in a broad spectrum of still water bodies, ranging from temporary or permanent ground pools to water trapped in tree hollows, leaf axils or human rubbish containing water. Some species can even survive salty rock pools. Most larvae feed on suspended particles or small organisms in the water, but some species actively predate other mosquito species.
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