Fletcher, M. J. (2009 and updates). Identification keys and checklists for the leafhoppers, planthoppers and their relatives occurring in Australia and neighbouring areas (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Available at: https://idtools.dpi.nsw.gov.au/keys/auch/index.html Last accessed 9 May 2012.
Marshall, A. T. 1965. Spittle-production and tube-building by cercopoid nymphs (Homoptera). 3. The cytology and function of the fibril zone of the Malpighian tubules of tube-building nymphs. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 106: 37-44.