Family Apidae

Divided into three subfamilies.

Subfamily Apinae
Divided into six tribes

Tribe Apini
Apis mellifera (European Honeybee)

Tribe Bombini
Bombus terrestris (Bumblebee)

Subfamily Xylocopinae
Divided into three tribes.

Tribe Allodapini
Genus Exoneura (Reed Bees)

Subfamily Nomadinae (Cuckoo Bees)
Found in northern Queensland.


Buttermore, R. E. 1997. Observations of successful Bombus terrestris (L.) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies in southern Tasmania. Australian Journal of Entomology 36: 251-54.

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Last Revised 13/12/2011, Australian Government, accessed 5 May 2012, <>.

Schmid-Hempel, P., Schmid-Hempel, R., Brunner, P. C., Seeman, O. D. and Allen, G. R. 2007. Invasion success of the bumblebee, Bombus terrestris, despite a drastic genetic bottleneck. Heredity 99: 414-22.

University Of Tasmania Alumni News , ” Jerry the Bee Man”, Issue 31, December 2006, p 16.