Family Crabronidae (Sand Wasps)


Bohart, R. M., & Menke, A. S. 1976. Sphecid wasps of the world: a generic revision. Berkeley, University of California Press.

Evans, H & O’Neill, K 2007, The Sand Wasps:Natural History and Behavior, Harvard University Press, USA.

Naumann, I. D. 1990. Description of the caliginosum species group of the genus Pison Jurine (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Larrinae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 29: 233-245.
Semmens, T. D., McQuillan, P. B., & Hayhurst G. 1992. Catalogue of the Insects of Tasmania. Department of Primary Industry Tasmania.
Stringer, D. N., Jennings, J. T., & Austin, A. D. 2012. Family Crabronidae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. Viewed 9 July 2018. Available at:
Turner, R. E. 1908. Notes on the Australian fossorial wasps of the family Sphegidae, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1908: 457-535.
Turner, R. E. 1914. Notes on fossorial Hymenoptera. XIII. A revision of the Paranyssoninae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 8 14: 337-359.
Turner, R. E. 1915. Notes on fossorial Hymenoptera. XVI. On the Thynnidae, Scoliidae and Crabronidae of Tasmania. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 8 15: 537-559.
Turner, R. E. 1916. Notes on the wasps of the genus Pison, and some allied genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1916: 591-629.