Common, I. F. B. 1990. Moths of Australia. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.
Herbison-Evans, D. and Crossley, S. 2012. Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia. Online resource. Viewed 17 June 2013. http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/moths.html
Semmens, T. D., McQuillan, P. B., & Hayhurst G. 1992. Catalogue of the Insects of Tasmania. Department of Primary Industry Tasmania.