Class Collembola (Springtails)

Springtails are found worldwide and there are likely to be around 2000 species in Australia.  They have soft bodies, sometimes hairs (setae) or scales.  Many species have the ability to jump when they have been disturbed.

Direct family links A-Z
Bourletiellidae Dicyrtomidae Entomobryidae Hypogastruridae Isotomidae Katiannidae Neanuridae Onychiuridae Paronellidae  Sminthuridae Tomoceridae

Quick Visual Finder – visit sections for snapshots of all respective documented families.

Order Entomobryomorpha 

Entomobrya Entomobryidae tasmania collembola                   

Order Neelipleona
(currently empty)

Order Poduromorpha

        Protaphorura armata Onychiuridae collembola tasmania     

Order Symphypleona
  springtail tasmania   Dicyrtomidae Dicyrtomina springtail tasmania         Lucerne Flea Sminthurus viridis tasmania

Bellinger, P. F., Christiansen, K. A. & Janssens, F. 1996-2012. Checklists of the Collembola of the World. Viewed 9 September 2012.

Coy, R., Greenslade, P. & Rounsevell, D. 1993. A Survey of Invertebrates in Tasmanian Rainforest. Tasmanian NRCP Technical Report No. 9. Parks and Wildlife Service, Tasmanian, and Department of Arts, Sport, the Environment and Territories, Canberra.

Greenslade, P. 1991. ‘Collembola (Sprintails)’, in The Insects of Australia Volume I, 2nd edn. Brown Prior Anderson Pty Ltd, Burwood, Victoria.

Greenslade, P. 2011. Order Collembola. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. Viewed 16 September 2012.

Greenslade, P. & Deharveng, L. 1990. Australian species of the genus Australonura (Collembola: Neanuridae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 3: 565-593.

Greenslade, P. & Ireson, J. E. 1986. Collembola of the southern Australian cultural steppe, and urban environments: a review of their pest status and key to identification. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 25: 273-91.

Greenslade, P. & Yoshii, R. 2000. New records and rediscriptions of some Schött and Womersley paronellid (Collembola) species from Australia including a key to genera. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University 29: 139-155.

Hoskins, J. L.,  Janion-Scheepers, C., Chown, S. L. & Duffy, G. 2015. Growth and reproduction of laboratory-reared neanurid Collembola using a novel slime mould diet. Scientific Reports 5: 1-8.

Lloyd, S. 2010. Slime Moulds: the most remarkable organisms. CFNF: the Natural News, 46: 6-11. An online version is available at:

Womersley, H. 1934. A preliminary account of the Collembola-Arthropleona of Australia. Part II Superfamily Entomobryoidea. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 58: 86-138.

Womersley, H. 1939. Primitive Insects of South Australia. Silverfish, Springtails, and their Allies. Frank Trigg, Government Printer, Adelaide.